Provincial and Territorial Energy Profiles – Manitoba


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Table of Contents
  • Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Source and Description:

    CER – Canada's Energy Future 2019

    This graph shows hydrocarbon production in Manitoba from 2008 to 2018. Over this period, crude oil production has inceased from 23.6 Mb/d to 40.1 Mb/d.

  • Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2018)

    Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2018)

    Source and Description:

    CER – Canada's Energy Future 2019

    This pie chart shows electricity generation by source in Manitoba. A total of 36.9 TW.h of electricity was generated in 2018.

  • Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Source and Description:

    CER, Natural Resources Canada

    This map shows electricity generation facilities in Manitoba. Facilities are shown by capacity and by primary fuel source.

    PDF version [1797 KB]

  • Figure 4: Crude Oil Infrastructure Map

    Figure 4: Crude Oil Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:


    This map shows all major crude oil pipelines and rail lines in Manitoba.

    PDF version [341 KB]

  • Figure 5: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Figure 5: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:


    This map shows all major natural gas pipelines in Manitoba.

    PDF version [404 KB]

  • Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Sector (2017)

    Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Sector (2017)

    Source and Description:

    CER – Canada's Energy Future 2019

    This pie chart shows end-use energy demand in Manitoba by sector. Total end-use energy demand was 323 PJ in 2017. The largest sector was industrial at 35% of total demand, followed by transportation (at 29%), commercial (at 19%), and lastly, residential (at 17%).

  • Figure 7: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2017)

    Figure 7: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2017)

    Source and Description:

    CER – Canada's Energy Future 2019

    This figure shows end-use demand by fuel type in Manitoba in 2017. Refined petroleum producted account for 138  PJ (43%) of demand, followed by natural gas at 92 PJ (28%), electricity at 79 PJ (24%), biofuels at 14 PJ (4%), and other at 0 PJ.
    Note: "Other" includes coal, coke, and coke oven gas.

  • Figure 8: GHG Emissions by Sector

    Figure 8: GHG Emissions by Sector

    Source and Description:

    Environment and Climate Change Canada – National Inventory Report

    This stacked column graph shows GHG emissions in Manitoba by sector every five years from 1990 to 2017 in MT of CO2 equivalent. Total GHG emissions have increased in Manitoba from 18.3 MT of CO2e in 1990 to 21.7 M  of CO2e in 2017.

Energy Production

Crude Oil

  • In 2018, Manitoba produced 40 thousand barrels per day (Mb/d) of light crude oil (Figure 1). Manitoba accounted for less than 1% of total Canadian crude oil production (including condensate and pentanes plus).
  • All of Manitoba’s current oil production is located in the southwestern corner of the province.
  • Manitoba’s remaining resource of crude oil is estimated to be 747 million barrels when production to year-end 2018 is subtracted.

Refined Petroleum Products (RPPs)

  • There are no refineries in Manitoba.

Natural Gas/Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs)

  • There is no natural gas or NGL production in Manitoba.


  • In 2018, Manitoba generated 36.9 terawatt hours (TW.h) of electricity (Figure 2), which is approximately 6% of total Canadian generation. Manitoba has a generating capacity of 6 141 megawatts (MW).
  • Though 87% of Manitoba’s installed generation capacity is hydroelectricity, 97% of its generation was derived from hydroelectricity. There are 15 major hydroelectric generating stations, the largest of which is located along the Nelson River (Figure 3).
  • The Wuskwatim Generation Station on the Burntwood River was completed in 2012 with a capacity of 200 MW. This project, developed by Manitoba Hydro and the Nisichawayasihk Cree Nation, marked the first time Manitoba Hydro had entered into a formal partnership with a First Nation to develop and operate a hydroelectric project.
  • Construction of the Keeyask Project 725 kilometres (km) northeast of Winnipeg on the lower Nelson River is scheduled to be completed by 2021, with its first generator expected to go into service October 2020. Once completed, Keeyask will be Manitoba’s fourth largest generating station, with a capacity of 695 MW.
  • In 2018, wind contributed approximately 3% to Manitoba’s electricity generation. Between 2005 and 2018, over 238 MW of wind was added to Manitoba’s power capacity.
  • In August 2018, the last coal-fired generating unit in Manitoba ceased operation and is now being used as a synchronous condenser to help stabilize the transmission system.
  • Manitoba Hydro is responsible for the design, construction, and operation of hydro facilities, and is the largest producer of electricity in Manitoba. Manitoba Hydro also operates two natural gas-fired generating stations and four remote diesel generating stations. Wind, biomass, and some solar facilities are operated by independent producers.

Energy Transportation and Trade

Crude Oil and Liquids

  • There are two major export pipelines that pass through Manitoba: TC Energy’s Keystone and Enbridge’s Mainline.
  • Keystone ships western Canadian crude oil from Hardisty, Alberta to U.S. Midwest refineries. Keystone also ships to the U.S. Gulf Coast markets via TC Energy’s Marketlink Pipeline. Keystone delivered a record of nearly 590 Mb/d of crude oil in 2018, almost all of which was heavy oil.
  • Enbridge Mainline ships western Canadian crude oil and liquids to the U.S. and Ontario markets. It enters Manitoba from Saskatchewan near Cromer, and exits at the U.S. border near Gretna, where it becomes the Enbridge Lakehead system. Enbridge Mainline is Canada’s largest crude pipeline transporting nearly 2 700 Mb/d in 2018. Enbridge Mainline’s Line 3 Replacement (L3R) Project is underway. The Canadian portion of L3R came into service in December 2019, while the U.S. portion is currently facing delays in receiving final approvals needed to complete construction.
  • The Enbridge Cromer Terminal has a capacity of about 2.4 million barrels, and is the gathering point for all light and medium crude oil produced in southwestern Manitoba and southeastern Saskatchewan. The Enbridge Cromer Terminal connects the Mainline with Kingston Midstream’s (formerly Tundra Energy Marketing) Westspur, Enbridge’s Bakken, and Plain Midstream’s Wapella pipelines (Figure 4). Westspur and Enbridge Bakken pipelines are two smaller pipeline systems that transport crude oil from North Dakota and south Saskatchewan to the Enbridge Mainline. The Wapella pipeline carries crude oil from southern Saskatchewan to the Enbridge Mainline.
  • Enbridge’s Southern Lights pipeline parallels the Enbridge Mainline in Manitoba, but it is used to import condensate from the U.S. to Alberta.
  • The Winnipeg Products Pipeline delivers RPPs from the Enbridge Mainline at Gretna to Winnipeg.
  • There are two crude oil rail loading facilities in Manitoba, with a total estimated capacity of 68 Mb/d. Cromer Rail Terminal, operated by Kingston Midstream, is the largest with a 60 Mb/d capacity. The CN/Watco Rail Terminal in Woodnorth is operated by Watco Terminal and Port Services.

Natural Gas

  • TC Energy’s Canadian Mainline crosses through southern Manitoba and carries natural gas from western Canada to markets in Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and the U.S. (Figure 5). Nearly all of the natural gas used in Manitoba is delivered on the Canadian Mainline.
  • The Mainline has two interconnects at the Canada/U.S. border near Emerson, Manitoba: Emerson 1 connects with the Viking Gas Transmission Pipeline, and Emerson 2 connects with the Great Lakes Gas Transmission Pipeline. Exports averaged approximately 0.3 Bcf/d from Emerson 1 and 1.2 Bcf/d at Emerson 2 in 2018.
  • Manitoba also can import gas from the U.S. at Emerson during periods of peak winter demand, although there have been no imports since 2016.
  • Centra Gas distributes natural gas to over 275 000 customers in more than 100 communities in southern Manitoba. Centra is owned by Manitoba Hydro and is regulated by the Manitoba Public Utilities Board.
  • A Manitoba Hydro compressed natural gas station in southwest Winnipeg provides back-up supply of natural gas for customers in southern Manitoba.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

  • There are no proposed or existing LNG facilities in Manitoba.


  • In 2018, Manitoba’s net electricity interprovincial and international outflows were 5.5 TW.h. Manitoba’s trading partners include the U.S. Midwest, Ontario, and Saskatchewan.
  • Manitoba has more than 13 800 km of electricity transmission lines and more than 75  500 km of distribution lines. Nine interconnections link Manitoba’s electricity system with Saskatchewan, Ontario, and the U.S.
  • Manitoba Hydro is building the Manitoba-Minnesota Transmission Line, a 500 kilovolt (kV) line in southeastern Manitoba with a projected mid-2020 in-service date. This new transmission line will allow for up to 883 MW of additional electricity to be exported to the U.S.
  • The Bipole III Transmission Line was completed in July 2018, and now delivers electricity to southern Manitoba and the U.S.
  • Manitoba Hydro has plans to construct a new 230 kV transmission line (the Birtle Transmission Project) to the Saskatchewan border. The new line would facilitate the sale of 100 MW of electricity from Manitoba to Saskatchewan.

Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions

Total Energy Consumption

  • End-use demand in Manitoba was 323 petajoules (PJ) in 2017. The largest sector for energy demand was industrial at 35% of total demand, followed by transportation at 29%, commercial at 19%, and residential at 17% (Figure 6). Manitoba’s total energy demand was the 6th largest in Canada, and the 7th largest on a per capita basis.
  • RPPs, including gasoline and diesel, were the largest fuel type consumed in Manitoba, accounting for 138 PJ, or 43%. Natural gas and electricity accounted for 92 PJ (28%) and 79 PJ (24%), respectively (Figure 7).

Refined Petroleum Products

  • The majority of the gasoline consumed in Manitoba comes from refineries in Alberta and Saskatchewan. RPPs from Alberta are mainly transported by the Enbridge Mainline, while RPPs from Saskatchewan and elsewhere are delivered primarily by rail.
  • Total 2018 demand for RPPs in Manitoba was 71 Mb/d, or 4% of total Canadian RPP demand. Of Manitoba’s total demand, 35 Mb/d was for motor gasoline and 27 Mb/d was for diesel.
  • Manitoba’s per capita RPP consumption in 2018 was 3 101 litres (20 barrels), or 2% above the national average of 3 038 litres per capita. 

Natural Gas

  • Manitoba consumed an average of 213 million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d) of natural gas in 2018, which represented 2% of total Canadian demand.
  • Manitoba’s largest consuming sector for natural gas was the industrial sector, which consumed 84 MMcf/d in 2018. The commercial and residential sectors consumed 72 MMcf/d and 58 MMcf/d, respectively.


  • In 2017, annual electricity consumption per capita in Manitoba was 16.1 megawatt hours (MW.h). Manitoba ranked 6th in Canada for per capita electricity consumption and consumed 15% more than the national average.
  • The largest consuming sector for electricity in Manitoba in 2017 was residential at 8.2 TW.h. The commercial and industrial sectors consumed 7.0 TW.h and 6.3 TW.h, respectively. Manitoba’s electricity demand has grown 8% since 2005.

GHG Emissions

  • Manitoba’s GHG emissions in 2017 were 21.7 megatonnes (MT) of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e)Footnote 1 . Manitoba’s emissions have increased 18.4% since 1990.
  • Manitoba’s emissions per capita are 16.2 tonnes of CO2e – 17% below the Canadian average of 19.6 tonnes per capita.
  • The largest emitting sectors in Manitoba are agriculture at 35% of emissions, transportation at 33%, and buildings (residential and service industry) at 14% (Figure 8).
  • Manitoba’s GHG emissions from the oil and gas sector in 2017 were 0.5 MT of CO2e, attributable to crude oil production and oil and gas transmission.
  • Manitoba generates virtually all of its electricity from renewable sources. As such, it emits less than 0.1 MT CO2e emissions from electricity generation, or 0.1% of total Canadian GHG emissions from power generation.

More Information

Data Sources

Provincial & Territorial Energy Profiles aligns with CER’s latest Canada’s Energy Future 2019 datasets. Energy Future uses a variety of data sources, generally starting with Statistics Canada data as the foundation, and making adjustments depending on individual province/territory circumstances.  Adjustments are necessary to ensure consistency and comparability across provinces/territories.

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