Provincial and Territorial Energy Profiles – New Brunswick

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Table of Contents
  • Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Source and Description:

    CER – Canada's Energy Future 2019

    This graph shows hydrocarbon production in New Brunswick from 2008 to 2018. Natural gas production decreased from 26.8 MMcf/d in 2008 to 5.3 Mmcf/d in 2018.

  • Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2018)

    Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2018)

    Source and Description:

    CER – Canada's Energy Future 2019

    This pie chart shows electricity generation by source in New Brunswick. A total of 12.2 TW.h of electricity was generated in 2018.

  • Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Source and Description:

    CER, Natural Resources Canada

    This map shows electricity generation facilities in New Brunswick. Facilities are shown by capacity and by primary fuel source.

    PDF version [673 KB]

  • Figure 4: Crude Oil Infrastructure Map

    Figure 4: Crude Oil Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:


    This map shows all rail lines and refineries in New Brunswick, and crude oil infrastructure in Atlantic Canada.

    PDF version [384 KB]

  • Figure 5: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Figure 5: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:


    This map shows all major natural gas pipelines, offshore natural gas platforms, and the Canaport LNG terminal in the Maritimes.

    PDF version [364 KB]

  • Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Sector (2017)

    Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Sector (2017)


    Source and Description:

    CER – Canada's Energy Future 2019

    This pie chart shows end-use energy demand in New Brunswick by sector. Total end-use energy demand was 230 PJ in 2017. The largest sector was industrial at 54% of total demand, followed by transportation (at 25%), residential (at 15%), and lastly, commercial (at 7%).

  • Figure 7: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2017)

    Figure 7: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2017)

    Source and Description:

    CER – Canada's Energy Future 2019

    This figure shows end-use demand by fuel type in New Brunswick in 2017. Refined petroleum products accounted for 136 PJ (59%) of demand, followed by electricity at 47 PJ (20%), natural gas at 24 PJ (10%), biofuels at 21 PJ (9%), and other at 1 PJ (less than 1%).
    Note: "Other" includes coal, coke, and coke oven gas.

  • Figure 8: GHG Emissions by Sector

    Figure 8: GHG Emissions by Sector

    Source and Description:

    Environment and Climate Change Canada – National Inventory Report

    This stacked column graph shows GHG emissions in New Brunswick by sector every five years from 1990 to 2017 in MT of CO2e. Total GHG emissions have decreased in New Brunswick from 16.1 MT of CO2e in 1990 to 14.3 MT of CO2e in 2017.

Energy Production

Crude Oil

  • New Brunswick does not have any commercial crude oil production.

Refined Petroleum Products (RPPs)

  • New Brunswick is a net producer of RPPs and a significant supplier of gasoline to the United States (U.S.) East Coast.
  • The Irving Oil Refinery in Saint John is the only refinery in New Brunswick and it is the largest refinery in Canada. With a capacity of 320 thousand barrels per day (Mb/d), it produces RPPs in excess of New Brunswick’s needs. It operates primarily for exports to the U.S. and neighbouring provinces.

Natural Gas/Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs)

  • In 2018, natural gas production in New Brunswick averaged 5.4 million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d) (Figure 1). This represented less than 0.1% of total Canadian natural gas production in 2018.
  • Natural gas is produced from the McCully Field, near Sussex. The McCully Field was discovered in 2000 by a joint venture between Corridor Resources and Potash Corporation of Saskatchewan, and a total of 39 wells have been drilled to date. In order to optimize production with peak winter pricing, McCully Field shut-in production during the summer months beginning in 2017.
  • Since 2014, a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing has been in place in New Brunswick.
  • There is no field production of NGLs in New Brunswick. Small volumes of propane and butane are produced by the Irving Oil Refinery.


  • In 2018, New Brunswick generated 12.2 terawatt hours (TW.h) of electricity (Figure 2), which is approximately 2% of total Canadian generation. New Brunswick has a generating capacity of 4 521 megawatts (MW).
  • In 2018, approximately 39% of New Brunswick’s electricity generation was from nuclear, 30% was from fossil fuels (natural gas, coal, and petroleum), and 21% was from hydroelectricity. The remainder was produced from wind and biomass.
  • New Brunswick Power Corporation (NB Power) operates a total of 13 hydro, nuclear, coal, oil, and diesel powered stations with a combined capacity of approximately 3 800 MW (Figure 3).
  • New Brunswick is the only province outside of Ontario with nuclear power. The Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station, located near the Bay of Fundy, has a capacity of 705 MW.
  • Generation from wind power increased from none in 2005 to 7% of total generation in 2018. Biomass facilities scattered throughout the province provided 3% of generation.
  • NB Power provides more than 88% of the province’s generating capacity. The remainder is supplied by independent power producers.

Energy Transportation and Trade

Crude Oil and Liquids

  • There are no crude oil pipelines in New Brunswick. All of New Brunswick’s crude oil supplies arrive by sea or rail.
  • The Irving Oil Refinery receives most of its crude oil supply from Irving’s Canaport Marine Terminal, which is capable of receiving ultra-large crude carriers (ULCC) and has an oil storage capacity of 6 million barrels. The refinery also has two marine terminals for receiving and shipping RPPs. (Figure 4).
  • The Irving Oil refinery rail terminal has an estimated capacity of 200 Mb/d.

Natural Gas

  • Natural gas is transported to/from New Brunswick via the Maritimes & Northeast Pipeline (M&NP), which extends from Goldboro, Nova Scotia to an import/export point on the border with Maine near St. Stephen, New Brunswick (Figure 5). In recent years, M&NP has been importing more gas than it exports (80 MMcf/d and 0.8 MMcf/d in 2018, respectively).
  • Liberty Utilities, formerly Enbridge Gas New Brunswick, distributes natural gas to over 12 000 customers in 12 communities throughout southern New Brunswick. Liberty Utilities is regulated by New Brunswick Energy and Utilities Board and has about 1 200 kilometres (km) of natural gas distribution pipelines throughout the province.
  • Re-gasified LNG from the Canaport LNG import terminal is transported to the U.S. Northeast on the Emera Brunswick pipeline, which extends from Saint John area to the St. Stephen export point. Emera Brunswick pipeline transported an average of 40 MMcf/d in 2018, with flows being relatively stable over the past few years. However, the pipeline has remained underutilized, with a capacity of 820 MMcf/d.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

  • New Brunswick is home to Canada’s only large-scale LNG import terminal. The Canaport LNG Terminal began operating in 2009 and is located near Saint John. In 2018, Canaport import volumes were 20.9 billion cubic feet (or 57.3 MMcf/d on average). Canaport is operating far below its capacity of 1 200 MMcf/d and now operates primarily for peak winter demand needs.
  • Canaport LNG is a partnership between Repsol, which owns 75% of the existing Canaport LNG facility, and Irving Oil, which owns the remaining 25%.
  • In 2016, the NEB issued 25-year import and export licences to Saint John LNG Development Company Ltd., a Repsol company. The project has since been put on hold because of economic considerations.


  • New Brunswick exports electricity to PEI via two sub-sea cables. New Brunswick also exports to Maine and imports from Quebec and Maine. In 2018, New Brunswick had 0.3 TW.h of net interprovincial and international electricity inflows.
  • NB Power operates the transmission system and acts as the system operator in the province, operating approximately 6 900 km of power lines in New Brunswick, as well as an import capacity of 2 398 MW, and export capacity of 2 538 MW, through 12 interconnections with Maine, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and PEI in 2018.

Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions

Total Energy Consumption

  • End-use demand in New Brunswick was 230 petajoules (PJ) in 2017. The largest sector for energy demand was industrial at 54% of total demand, followed by transportation at 25%, residential at 15%, and commercial at 7% (Figure 6). New Brunswick’s total energy demand was the 7th largest in Canada, and the 5th largest on a per capita basis.
  • Refined petroleum products were the largest fuel type consumed in New Brunswick, accounting for 136 PJ, or 59% of total energy consumption. Electricity and biofuels accounted for 47 PJ (20%) and 24 PJ (10%), respectively (Figure 7).

Refined Petroleum Products

  • Total 2018 demand in New Brunswick for RPPs was an estimated 46 Mb/d, or 2% of total Canadian RPP demand. Of New Brunswick’s total demand, an estimated 18 Mb/d was for motor gasoline and 9 Mb/d was for diesel.
  • New Brunswick’s per capita RPP consumption in 2018 was 3 499 litres (22 barrels), or 15% above the national average of 3 038 litres per capita.
  • RPP prices in New Brunswick have been regulated by the New Brunswick Energy and Utilities Board since 2006. Maximum prices at the retail level for gasoline, diesel, furnace oil, and propane are set on a weekly basis (or as required).

Natural Gas

  • In 2018, New Brunswick consumed an average of 34.2 MMcf/d of natural gas, which represented less than 1% of total Canadian demand for natural gas in 2018.
  • New Brunswick’s largest consuming sector for natural gas was the industrial sector, which consumed 25.6 MMcf/d in 2018. The commercial and residential sectors consumed 7.1 MMcf/d and 1.5 MMcf/d, respectively.


  • In 2017, annual electricity consumption per capita in New Brunswick was 16.7 megawatt hours (MW.h). New Brunswick ranked 5th in Canada for per capita electricity consumption and consumed 15% more than the national average.
  • New Brunswick’s largest consuming sector for electricity in 2017 was residential (5.6 TW.h). The industrial and commercial sectors consumed 4.8 TW.h and 2.5 TW.h, respectively. New Brunswick’s electricity demand has declined 18% since 2005.
  • Electricity demand is highest in the winter because of space heating requirements for homes and businesses. Demand is lower during the warmer months, and surplus electricity is exported to neighbouring provinces and states.

GHG Emissions

  • New Brunswick’s GHG emissions in 2017 were 14.3 megatonnes (MT) of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e)Footnote 1 .New Brunswick’s emissions have declined 11% since 1990.
  • New Brunswick’s emissions per capita are 18.7 tonnes CO2e – 5% below the Canadian average of 19.6 tonnes per capita.
  • The largest emitting sectors in New Brunswick are transportation at 27% of emissions, electricity generation at 25%, and oil and gas (primarily petroleum refining) at 24% (Figure 8).
  • New Brunswick GHG emissions from the oil and gas sector in 2017 were 3.5 MT CO2e. Of this total, 3.4 MT were attributable to petroleum refining, and 0.1 MT were attributable to production, processing, and transmission.
  • In 2017, New Brunswick’s power sector emitted 3.6 MT CO2e emissions, which represents about 5% of Canada’s GHG emissions from power generation. Through a renewable portfolio standard, the province of New Brunswick aims to increase renewables’ share of electricity serving in-province sales to 40% in 2020. As of 2018, about 38% of the electricity sold in province came from renewable sources, including imports from Hydro-Québec.

More Information

Data Sources

Provincial & Territorial Energy Profiles aligns with CER’s latest Canada’s Energy Future 2019 datasets. Energy Future uses a variety of data sources, generally starting with Statistics Canada data as the foundation, and making adjustments depending on individual province/territory circumstances.  Adjustments are necessary to ensure consistency and comparability across provinces/territories.

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