The role of the regulator and the utility providers
Every province or territory has a provincial regulator that sets the rules and the rates for the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity. Electricity in many provinces is provided by a government owned company or crown corporation and is regulated by provincial regulatory agencies.
Customers also have the option of signing a contract with regulated retailer or an energy retailer.
Energy Contract Retailer
Some customers have the choice of a regulated retailer or an energy retailer. Energy retailers are private companies that offer variable or fixed rates contracts for electricity or natural gas for a set period of time. These rates are not regulated by the provincial utilities board.
The role of the Canada Energy Regulator
The Canada Energy Regulator (CER or Commission) is responsible for authorizing the construction and operation of international power lines and designated interprovincial lines. The Commission monitors electricity markets and developments in emerging technologies, and publishes related information and statistics. Additionally, the CER issues export permits and licenses that authorize the transfer of electricity between Canada and the U.S.
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