Crude Oil Annual Export Summary – 2019

In 2019, total crude oil exports from Canada reached 3.7 MMb/d (592.2 thousand m³/d) an increase of 3% from 2018. Canada exported 2.8 MMb/d (452.1 thousand m³/d) of heavy crude oil and 0.9 MMb/d (140.0 thousand m³/d) of light crude oil. The average price of Canada’s crude oil exports also increased 4% in 2019 resulting in an overall increase in crude oil export values. The crude oil export summary is presented below.

Table 1: Oil Export Summary

Table 1: Export Summary
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Total Volume ( 10³m³/d) 483.99 492.71 528.37 572.31 592.20
Heavy 346.47 363.67 405.08 445.77 452.15
Light 137.52 129.05 123.29 126.54 140.05
Total Volume (Mb/d) 3 045.67 3 100.58 3 324.96 3 601.45 3 726.62
Heavy 2 180.26 2 288.51 2 549.09 2 805.15 2 845.31
Light 865.41 812.07 775.87 796.30 881.31
Total Average Price (C$/m³) 315.72 276.80 347.09 389.32 403.15
Heavy 290.30 252.14 326.57 362.49 384.97
Light 379.77 346.30 414.52 483.83 461.49
Total Average Price (US$/bbl) 39.41 33.26 42.52 47.80 48.27
Heavy 36.23 30.31 40.03 44.49 46.09
Light 47.42 41.56 50.72 59.45 55.25
Total Value (C$ Billions) 55.77 49.92 66.94 81.33 87.14
Heavy 36.71 33.56 48.28 58.98 63.50
Light 19.06 16.36 18.65 22.35 23.61

Notes:
m³= cubic metres
 10³m³/d = thousand cubic metres per day
106m³/d = million cubic metres per day
MMb/d = million barrels per day
Mb/d = thousand barrels per day
Bbl=barrels

Numbers may not add due to rounding

The data in this page are provided in Excel format (.XLSX) and are updated annually. Export data is filed with the Canada Energy Regulator (CER) 30 days after the end of each month. For the latest export and import volume data, including updates and revisions, please see the Commodity Statistics reports and Crude Exports by Rail Statistics.

Contact cts-ssp@cer-rec.gc.ca for further information.

Export Volumes

The CER regulates the export of crude oil and petroleum products. Export orders or licences are required to export these commodities from Canada and holders of these authorizations report monthly volumes to the CER. The data that is reported to the CER is presented here.

Total crude oil exports in 2019 were 3.7 MMb/d (592.2  10³m³/d) an increase of 3% compared to 2018.

Heavy

In 2019, heavy crude oilFootnote 1 accounted for 76% of all crude oil exported from Canada. Since 2018, heavy crude oil exports increased 1% from 2.81 MMb/d to 2.85 MMb/d (445.8  10³m³/d to 452.1 10³m³/d). Over the past five years, heavy crude oil exports increased 31%.

Light

In 2019, 24% of exported crude oil was lightFootnote 2. In 2019, light crude oil exports increased 11% from 0.80 MMb/d to 0.88 MMb/d (126.5  10³m³/d to 140.1  10³m³/d). Over the past five years, light crude oil exports increased 2%.

Figure 1: Annual Heavy and Light Crude Oil Exports

Source and Description

Source: CER’s Commodity Tracking System as of February 2020 Crude Oil – Total Exports (monthly report) and Crude Oil – Total Exports per Day (yearly report)

Figure Description:
In 2019, Canada exported 3.7 MMb/d of crude oil: 2.8 MMb/d of heavy crude oil and 0.9 MMb/d of light crude oil.
In 2018, Canada exported 3.6 MMb/d of crude oil: 2.8 MMb/d of heavy crude oil and 0.8 MMb/d of light crude oil.
In 2017, Canada exported 3.3 MMb/d of crude oil: 2.5 MMb/d of heavy crude oil and 0.8 MMb/d of light crude oil.
In 2016, Canada exported 3.1 MMb/d of crude oil: 2.3 MMb/d of heavy crude oil and 0.8 MMb/d of light crude oil.
In 2015, Canada exported 3.0 MMb/d of crude oil: 2.2 MMb/d of heavy crude oil and 0.9 MMb/d of light crude oil.

Regional Export Volumes

The North American crude oil market has undergone significant change in recent years with the emergence of light crude oil production from shale plays in the U.S. However, the increase in U.S. shale production has not stopped the growth of Canadian crude oil exports.. The U.S. remains Canada’s main crude oil export market with exports showing steady growth over the past five years. U.S. refineries have made significant investments in technology that processes heavy crude, and with the availability of heavy crude oil from other sources globally declining these refineries require larger volumes from Canada.

Figure 2 shows flows of crude oil exports from major exporting provincesFootnote 3 to the U.S. from the Petroleum Administration for Defense Districts (PADDs). The PADDs include the U.S. East Coast (PADD I), U.S. Midwest (PADD II), U.S. Gulf Coast (PADD III), U.S. Rockies (PADD IV), and U.S. West Coast (PADD V). The left side shows the percentage of total exported crude oil by the province in which the crude oil enters a main export pipeline. The right side shows the U.S. region where the crude oil is processed.

In 2019, the following U.S. regions received Canada’s crude oil:

  • U.S. Midwest (PADD II) received 59%
  • U.S. Gulf Coast (PADD III) received 22%
  • U.S. East Coast (PADD I) received 6%
  • U.S. Rockies (PADD IV) received 7%
  • U.S. West Coast (PADD V) received 6%

Figure 2: Yearly Crude Oil Export Flows to the U.S.

Source and Description

Source: CER’s Commodity Tracking System as of February 2020: Crude Oil Exports – Summary by Destination (yearly report) and internal data

Figure Description:
PADD I: 6% of Canada’s crude oil exports to the U.S. went to PADD I (U.S. East Coast) in 2019. The crude oil was exported from Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Newfoundland and Labrador.
PADD II: 59% of Canada’s crude oil exports to the U.S. went to PADD II (U.S. Midwest) in 2019. The crude oil was exported from Alberta, Saskatchewan, and Manitoba.
PADD III: 22% of Canada’s crude oil exports to the U.S. went to PADD III (U.S. Gulf Coast) in 2019. The crude oil was exported from Alberta, Saskatchewan and Newfoundland and Labrador.
PADD IV: 7% of Canada’s crude oil exports to the U.S. went to PADD IV (U.S. Rockies) in 2019. The crude oil was exported from Alberta. 
PADD V: 6% of Canada’s crude oil exports to the U.S. went to PADD V (U.S. West Coast) in 2019. The crude oil was exported from Alberta and Saskatchewan.

Figure 3: Annual Historical Crude Oil Exports by Type and Province

Source and Description

Source: CER internal data as of February 2020

Figure Description:
This graph shows crude oil export volumes by province over the past 5 years. In 2019, Alberta exported 2.6 MMb/d of heavy crude oil and 0.6 MMb/d of light crude oil. In 2019, Saskatchewan exported 0.1 MMb/d of heavy crude and 0.0 MMb/d of light crude oil. In 2019, Manitoba exported 0.0 MMb/d of heavy and 0.1 MMb/d of light crude oil. In 2019, Newfoundland and Labrador exported 0.1 MMb/d of heavy and 0.1 MMb/d of light crude oil.

Small volumes from British Columbia and Nova Scotia are not shown.

 

Figure 4: Historical Crude Oil Exported to U.S. Regions

This map shows the U.S. PADD regions and the bar chart underneath shows monthly export volumes to each PADD for each year. PADD II continues to be the largest market for Canadian crude oil exports in 2019, while PADD I is the smallest market.

Source and Description

Source: CER’s Commodity Tracking System as of February 2020: Crude Oil Exports – Summary by Destination (monthly report)

Figure Description:
Over the past 5 years, the majority of the crude oil exported from Canada was exported to PADD II (U.S. Midwest). In 2019, PADD 1 (U.S. East) was the smallest U.S. market for Canadian crude oil.

Figure 5: Yearly Crude Oil Average Export Prices and Values

The average crude oil export price increased 4%, from $389.3/m³ in 2018 to $403.2/m³ in 2019. Due to increased export prices and volumes, the total value from crude oil exports increased 7%, from $81.3 billion in 2018 to $87.1 billion in 2019. Note that the prices shown here represent the values of many individual transactions at the various markets of sale.

Source and Description

Source: CER internal data as of February 2020

Figure Description:
The average crude oil export price was highest in 2011 when it reached $US 88.5/bbl and export values were $US 69.1 billion. Export values hit a peak in 2014, reaching $US 83.0 billion. In 2015, global crude markets suffered and prices decreased to $US 39.4/bbl, resulting in a total exports valued at $US 43.8 billion. In 2019, the average export price was $US 48.3/bbl with a value of $US 65.7 billion.

Crude Oil Exports by Transportation Mode

In 2019, approximately 85% of crude oil exports moved by pipeline and the remaining crude oil moved by rail, marine, and truckFootnote 4. In 2019, approximately 8% was exported by rail, and 7% was exported by marine vessel to the U.S. or to various destinations throughout the world. Canadian crude oil exports via pipeline increased 3% from 3.1 MMb/d (0.49 10&sup6;m³/d) in 2018 to 3.2 MMb/d (0.51 10&sup6;m³/d) in 2019.

At the same time crude by rail exports, shown by the purple bars in Figure 6, increased 16% from 2018 to 2019. The increase of crude oil exports by rail was largely due to pipeline capacity constraints in the Western Canada Sedimentary Basin. Monthly data on crude oil exports by rail is on the CER website.

Figure 6: Crude Oil Exports by Transport Mode

Source and Description

Source: CER’s Crude Exports by Rail Statistics and internal data as of February 2020

Figure Description:
This figure shows export volumes from 2015 to 2019 by pipeline, marine and rail. Annual marine exports were 0.17 MMb/d in 2015; 0.20 MMb/d in 2016; 0.21 MMb/d in 2017; 0.28 MMb/d in 2018; and 0.26 MMb/d in 2019. Annual pipeline exports were 2.76 MMb/d in 2015; 2.81 MMb/d in 2016; 2.99 MMb/d in 2017; 3.08 MMb/d in 2018; and 3.18 MMb/d in 2019. Rail exports were 0.11 MMb/d in 2015; 0.09 MMb/d in 2016; 0.13 MMb/d in 2017; 0.24 MMb/d in 2018; and 0.28 MMb/d in 2019.

Complete data for all figures can be downloaded in Excel format from the file at the top of this page. For more information about crude oil markets in 2019, refer to the crude oil Market Snapshots and Analysis and Publications.

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