Natural Gas Annual Trade Summary – 2019

Table 1: Summary of Trade

Table 1: Summary of Trade
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Volumes (Billion m³)
Pipeline Exports 76.0 84.2 85.1 79.7 76.6
Pipeline Imports 19.2 21.9 25.0 22.6 25.5
Net Pipeline ExportsTable Note a 56.8 62.3 60.1 57.1 51.1
Volumes (Bcf/d)
Pipeline Exports 7.3 8.1 8.2 7.7 7.4
Pipeline Imports 1.9 2.1 2.4 2.2 2.5
Net Pipeline ExportsTable Note a 5.5 6.0 5.8 5.5 4.9
Value ($ billions)
Pipeline Exports 9.8 8.8 10.3 9.6 9.1
Pipeline Imports 2.7 2.7 3.6 3.5 3.3
Net Pipeline Exports 7.0 6.1 6.7 6.1 5.8

Source: CER Commodity Tracking System Statistics as of 17 March 2020.

The summary data are provided in EXCEL format (.XLSX) and updated annually. Import and export data are filed with the Canada Energy Regulator 30 days after the end of each month. For the latest export and import data, including updates and revisions, please visit Commodity Statistics.

Figure Data [EXCEL 87 KB] – Updated 17 March 2020

Contact cts-ssp@cer-rec.gc.ca for further information.

Figure 1: Historical Natural Gas Trade Volumes

This figure shows natural gas traded (exported and imported) by pipeline. Export and import volumes are shown as bars, while the lines show net export volumes (exports minus imports). In 2019, exports decreased by 4%, and imports decreased by 13%.

Source and Description

Source: CER Commodity Tracking System Statistics as of 17 March 2020: Gas – Monthly Summary for Year

Figure Description: This data description is in metric units (for imperial units, please visit the source linked above).

Natural gas pipeline export volumes were: 76.0 billion cubic metres in 2015, ranging from 5.8 to 7.7 billion cubic metres monthly. 84.2 billion cubic metres in 2016, ranging from 6.4 to 7.9 billion cubic metres monthly. 85.1 billion cubic metres in 2017, ranging from 6.3 to 8.0 billion cubic metres monthly.  79.7 billion cubic metres in 2018, ranging from 5.7 to 8.0 billion cubic metres monthly. In 2019, export volumes were 76.6 billion cubic metres, ranging from 5.8 to 8.0 billion cubic metres monthly.

Natural gas pipeline import volumes were: 19.2 billion cubic metres in 2015, ranging from 1.1 to 2.4 billion cubic metres monthly. 21.9 billion cubic metres in 2016, ranging from 1.2 to 2.7 billion cubic metres monthly. 25.0 billion cubic metres in 2017, ranging from 1.6 to 2.7 billion cubic metres monthly. 22.6 billion cubic metres in 2018, ranging from 1.1 to 2.6 billion cubic metres monthly. In 2019, import volumes were 25.5 billion cubic metres, ranging from 1.6 to 2.9 billion cubic metres monthly.

Figure 2: Annual Export Volumes to U.S. by Region

The CER collects natural gas trade movements at points of entry and exit at the Canadian border based on data provided by exporters and importers. For example, after natural gas crosses the border into the U.S., it may be combined with U.S. natural gas and its final destination cannot be tracked.

This map shows the border crossings where Canadian natural gas is exported, grouped by U.S. regions. The bars show export volumes. Almost all of Canada’s natural gas exports go to the U.S. The majority of natural gas exports flow by pipeline across the border in Western Canada. Exports to U.S. East are either sourced from the Western provinces or from the storage hub in Dawn, Ontario (which contains gas from several regions, including imports from the U.S. Appalachia, U.S. Mid-continent, and Western Canada).

Although imports are not shown in this regional figure, the majority of natural gas imports flow by pipeline across the border into Ontario. Recently, net imports have increased at the areas bordering the U.S. East because pipeline reversals have allowed growing Appalachian gas production to flow into Ontario.

Source and Description

Source: CER Commodity Tracking System Statistics as of 17 March 2020: Gas – Historical Summary by Region; Monthly Summary by Port – Volumes

Figure Description:

This data description is in metric units (for imperial units, please visit the source linked above).

Map description

The U.S. West region includes two ports located near the international border between British Columbia, and Washington and Idaho in the U.S. These ports are Huntingdon and Kingsgate in British Columbia.

The U.S. Midwest region includes several ports located near the international border between Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Ontario; and Montana, North Dakota, Minnesota, and Michigan in the U.S. The U.S. Midwest ports shown are Cardston, Coutts, and Aden located in Alberta; Monchy, North Portal, and Elmore located in Saskatchewan; Emerson and Sprague, Manitoba; and Sarnia, Courtright, and Ojibway (Windsor) located in Ontario.

The U.S. East region includes several ports near the international border between Ontario and Quebec; and New York, Vermont, and Maine in the U.S. The U.S. East ports shown are Niagara Falls, Chippawa, Iroquois, and Cornwall located in Ontario; Napierville and East Hereford located in Quebec; and St Stephen, New Brunswick.

Exports

The following volumes of natural gas were exported by pipeline from ports near the U.S. West border:
30.1 billion cubic metres in 2015, 31.9 billion cubic metres in 2016, 31.4 billion cubic metres in 2017, 32.1 billion cubic metres in 2018. In 2019, export volumes to U.S. West ports were 31.4 billion cubic metres.

The following volumes of natural gas were exported by pipeline from ports near the U.S. Midwest border:
36.8 billion cubic metres in 2015, 43.4 billion cubic metres in 2016, 46.5 billion cubic metres in 2017, 39.0 billion cubic metres in 2018. In 2019, export volumes to U.S. Midwest ports were 36.7 billion cubic metres.

The following volumes of natural gas were exported by pipeline from ports near the U.S. East border:
9.1 billion cubic metres in 2015, 8.9 billion cubic metres in 2016, 7.2 billion cubic metres in 2017, 8.9 billion cubic metres in 2018. In 2019, export volumes to U.S. East ports were 8.5 billion cubic metres.

Figure 3: Annual and Monthly Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Import Volumes

In 2019, LNG imports were around 75% lower than in 2010. The majority of Canada’s LNG imports come from overseas in marine vessels, with fewer volumes imported from the U.S. by truck. Canada’s only large-scale marine LNG import terminal is in New Brunswick. However, Maritimes gas markets have become better connected by pipelines to growing gas production in North American gas markets, reducing the need for LNG imported from overseas. Although Canada exports LNG, these volumes are very small and not shown in this summary. However, data for LNG exports is also available from the linked source for Figure 3.

Source and Description

Source: CER Commodity Tracking System Statistics as of 17 March 2020: LNG – Shipment Details

Figure Description: This data description is in metric units (for imperial units, please visit the source linked above).

The graph shows LNG import volumes as their gaseous equivalent:
605 thousand cubic metres were imported in 2015, with vessel shipments received in January, February, April, June, October, and December of that year. 329 thousand cubic metres were imported in 2016, with vessel shipments received in January, February, June, and July of that year. 401 thousand cubic metres were imported in 2017, with vessel shipments received in January, February, April, and September of that year. 598 thousand cubic metres were imported in 2018, with shipments received in January, February, May, July, and December of that year. 522 thousand cubic metres were imported in 2019, with shipments received in January, February, March, August, and September of that year.

Figure 4: Annual and Monthly Trade Values

This figure shows the value, in billions of dollars, of natural gas traded by pipeline. Exports and imports are shown as bars, while the lines show net export values (exports minus imports). In 2019, export values decreased by 5%, and import values decreased by 5%. In recent years, the overall net value of natural gas exports has declined mainly due to lower prices and demand for Canadian gas and robust natural gas supply in the U.S.

Source and Description

Source: CER Commodity Tracking System Statistics as of 17 March 2020: Gas – Monthly Summary for Year

Figure Description:

This data description is in metric units (for imperial units, please visit the source linked above).

Natural gas pipeline export values were: 9.8 billion dollars in 2015, ranging from 0.6 to 1.5 billion dollars monthly. 8.8 billion dollars in 2016, ranging from 0.5 to 1.2 billion dollars monthly. 10.3 billion dollars in 2017, ranging from 0.6 to 1.3 billion dollars monthly. 9.6 billion dollars in 2018, ranging from 0.5 to 1.4 billion dollars monthly. In 2019, export values were 9.1 billion dollars, ranging from 0.5 to 1.4 billion dollars monthly.

Natural gas pipeline import values were: 2.7 billion dollars in 2015, ranging from 0.1 to 0.4 billion dollars monthly. 2.7 billion dollars in 2016, ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 billion dollars monthly. 3.6 billion dollars in 2017, ranging from 0.2 to 0.5 billion dollars monthly. 3.5 billion dollars in 2018, ranging from 0.1 to 0.5 billion dollars monthly. In 2019, import values were 3.3 billion dollars, ranging from 0.2 to 0.4 billion dollars monthly.

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