On Wednesday, Aug. 28, the National Energy Board (NEB) became the Canada Energy Regulator (CER). For further information please visit our Implementing the Canadian Energy Regulator Act information page

Pipeline Profiles: Enbridge Bakken

Pipeline system and key points

Section updated June 2019

Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Company Inc., on behalf of Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Partnership (EBPC), owns the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline.

The Enbridge Bakken Pipeline transports light crude oil produced in Saskatchewan and North Dakota to the Enbridge Mainline in Manitoba. The main receipt points are located in Steelman, Saskatchewan and in Berthold, North Dakota. The main delivery point is located near Cromer, Manitoba. The U.S. portion of the Bakken Pipeline is owned by North Dakota Pipeline Company LLC and is regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.

The Enbridge Bakken Pipeline commenced operations in April 2013. At the end of 2017, NEB-regulated assets included 132 km of pipeline and various auxiliary infrastructure. The total length of the pipeline in Canada and the United States is 261 km. Capacity of the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline is 23 053 cubic metres per day (145 000 barrels per day).

Official NEB documents related to the construction, operation and maintenance of the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline are available: Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Company Inc., on behalf of Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Limited Partnership regulatory documents (facilities) [Folder 643663].

You can see the Bakken Pipeline and all NEB-regulated pipelines on the Board’s Interactive Pipeline Map. The map shows more detailed location information, the products carried by each pipeline, the operating status and more. You can also see a map on Enbridge’s website.

Enbridge Bakken pipeline system map

Source: NEB

Text version of this map

This map provides an overview of the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline System.

Tolls

Section updated June 2019

A toll is the price charged by a pipeline company for transportation and other services. Tolls allow pipeline companies to safely operate and maintain pipelines. Tolls also provide funds for companies to recover capital (the money used to build the pipeline), pay debts, and provide a return to investors.

The interactive graph below shows the benchmark committed and uncommitted tolls on the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline for transportation from Berthold, North Dakota to Cromer, Manitoba. Uncommitted tolls are higher, but do not require a long-term contract which committed tolls do. Tolls are the lowest for a ten year contract commitment with minimum of 40 000 barrels per day. 

Open data can be freely used and shared by anyone for any purpose. The data for these graphs are available.

EBPC is subject to Group 2 financial regulation and tolls on the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline are regulated by the NEB on a complaint basis.

Official NEB documents related to the traffic, tolls and tariffs for the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline are available: Enbridge Bakken Pipeline toll documents [Folder 896382].

Abandonment funding

Section updated June 2019

The NEB requires all pipelines to set aside funds to safely cease operation of a pipeline at the end of its useful life. In 2013, EBPC estimated it would cost $9.3 million to do this for the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline. These funds will be collected over 25 years and are being set aside in a trust.

Table 1: Enbridge Bakken Pipeline’s abandonment trust fund balance
  2015 2016 2017 2018
Trust fund balance ($) 442 000 1 125 000 1 682 000 2 206 000

Official NEB documents related to abandonment funding can be found here, sorted by year and by company: abandonment funding documents [Folder 3300366].

Pipeline financial information

Section updated June 2019

Pipeline companies report important financial information to the NEB quarterly or annually. A solid financial position enables companies to maintain their pipeline systems, attract capital to build new infrastructure, and meet the market’s evolving needs. The data in this table comes from EBPC’s audited financial statements [Folder 2452172].

Table 2: Enbridge Bakken Pipeline’s financial information
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Revenues (million $) 0.0 16.7 27.2 30.4 39.1 33.0 30.9
Expenses (million $) 0.2 9.0 11.6 13.2 14.5 13.0 13.7
Net income (million $) -2.1 5.7 12.7 16.5 24.5 19.1 18.5
Property, plant and equipment (million $) 139.9 158.9 153.5 146.3 138.0 129.2 121.3

Corporate financial information

Section updated June 2019

EBPC is a subsidiary of Enbridge Inc. (Enbridge). Enbridge is an energy transportation, distribution, and renewable power generation company. Enbridge assets include crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids pipelines, renewable power generation, as well natural gas distribution utilities in British Columbia, Ontario, and New Brunswick. The company is headquartered in Calgary, Canada. In February 2017, Enbridge acquired Spectra Energy Corp.

Credit ratings and financial ratios provide an idea of the financial strength of a company, including its ability to attract capital to build new infrastructure and meet financial obligations. The credit ratings below are expert opinions of how likely the debt issuer is to live up to its obligations. The financial ratios provided below were calculated by DBRS.

Table 3: Enbridge Inc.’s financial information
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
EBIT interest coverage ratio 2.61 2.66 2.70 2.76 2.56 2.60 2.84Table Note a
Cash flow to total debt ratio (%) 13.1 12.3 10.6 11.3 12.2 12.3 13.6Table Note a
DBRS credit rating A (low) A (low) A (low) BBB (high) BBB (high) BBB (high) BBB (high)
Moody's credit rating Baa1 Baa1 Baa1 Baa2 Baa2 Baa2 Baa3
S&P credit rating BBB+ BBB+ BBB+ BBB+

Condition Compliance

Section updated September 2018

Every pipeline company in Canada must meet federal, provincial or territorial, and local requirements. This includes Acts, Regulations, rules, bylaws, and zoning restrictions. Pipelines are also bound by technical, safety, and environmental standards along with company rules, protocols and management systems. In addition to these requirements, the Board may add conditions to regulatory instruments that each company must meet. Condition compliance is monitored by the Board and enforcement action is taken when required. For a detailed list of conditions that Enbridge Bakken must meet, and their status, please see the condition compliance table and search for “Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Company Inc.”

Safety Performance

Section updated June 2019

The Board holds the companies it regulates accountable to protect the safety of Canadians and the environment. As part of this accountability, companies must report to the NEB events such as incidents and unauthorized third-party activities that happen without the pipeline company’s written consent. For a summary of pipeline incidents and unauthorized activities on all NEB-regulated pipelines since 2008, visit the Safety performance dashboard. There have been no reported incidents or unauthorized activities on the Bakken Pipeline since 2008.

Emergency Management

Section updated June 2019

The NEB checks to make sure companies are keeping pipelines safe by doing inspections, in-depth safety audits, and other activities. Yet, even with these precautions, an emergency could still happen. Sound emergency management practices improve public safety and environmental protection outcomes, and provide for more effective emergency response.

The NEB holds its regulated companies responsible for anticipating, preventing, mitigating, and managing incidents of any size or duration. Each company must have an emergency management program that includes detailed emergency procedures manuals to guide its response in an emergency situation. We oversee the emergency management program of a regulated company’s projects to as long as they operate.

The Board requires companies to publish information on their emergency management program and their emergency procedures manuals on their websites so Canadians can access emergency management information. To view Enbridge Bakken’s regional Integrated Contingency Plan, go to Enbridge’s Field Emergency Response Plans website, where its plans are organized by area of operation.

 

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