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Provincial and Territorial Energy Profiles – Yukon

Table of Contents
  • Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Source and Description:

    NEB – Canada's Energy Future 2018

    This graph shows hydrocarbon production in Yukon from 2007 to 2017. Over this period, natural gas production has deceased from 7 Mcf/d to none since 2012.

  • Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2017)

    Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2017)

    Source and Description:

    Statistics Canada (Tables 25-10-0020-01 and 25-10-0019-01), NEB Estimates

    This pie chart shows electricity generation by source in Yukon. A total of 0.5 TW.h of electricity was generated in 2017.

  • Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Source and Description:

    NEB, Natural Resources Canada, Yukon Energy

    This map shows electricity generation facilities in Yukon. Facilities are shown by capacity and by primary fuel source.

    PDF version [767 KB]

  • Figure 4: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Figure 4: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:


    This map shows all major natural gas pipelines in Yukon.

    PDF version [508 KB]

  • Figure 5: End-Use Demand by Sector (2016)

    Figure 5: End-Use Demand by Sector (2016)

    Source and Description:

    NEB – Canada's Energy Future 2018

    This pie chart shows end-use energy demand in Yukon by sector. Total end-use energy demand was 6.8 PJ in 2016. The largest sector was transportation at 63% of total demand, followed by commercial (at 14%), industrial (at 13%), and lastly, residential (at 10%).

  • Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2016)

    Figure 6: End-use demand by fuel (2016)

    Source and Description:

    NEB – Canada's Energy Future 2018

    This figure shows end-use demand by fuel type in Yukon in 2016. Refined petroleum products accounted for 5.4 PJ (79%) of demand and electricity at 1.4 PJ (21%). There was no end-use demand of biofuels, natural gas, or others.

    Note: "Other" includes coal, coke, and coke oven gas.

  • Figure 7: GHG Emissions by Sector

    Figure 7: GHG Emissions by Sector

    Source and Description:

    Environment and Climate Change Canada – National Inventory Report

    This stacked column graph shows GHG emissions in Yukon by sector every five years from 1990 to 2016 in MT of CO2e equivalent. Total GHG emissions have decreased in Yukon from 0.53 MT of CO2e in 1990 to 0.43 MT of CO2e in 2016.

Energy Production

Crude Oil

  • Yukon does not have any commercial crude oil production.
  • Although eight areas in Yukon have been identified as having crude oil potential of up to 900 million barrels, no significant amount of crude oil has ever been produced.

Refined Petroleum Products (RPPs)

  • There are no refineries in Yukon.

Natural Gas/Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs)

  • There is currently no natural gas or NGL production in Yukon.
  • Small volumes of natural gas were produced in the Kotaneelee field in southeastern Yukon until 2012, when production was suspended for economic reasons (Figure 1).
  • Yukon’s technically recoverable natural gas has been estimated by the NEB to be eight trillion cubic feet.

Electricity and Renewables

  • In 2017, Yukon generated about 0.4 terawatt hours (TW.h) of electricity (Figure 2), which is approximately 0.1% of total Canadian generation. Yukon has a generating capacity of 156 megawatts (MW).
  • Yukon Energy Corporation is publicly-owned and generates most of Yukon’s electricity. It also owns and operates most of the transmission infrastructure. ATCO Electric Yukon is a privately owned distributor that also contributes some power generation.
  • Yukon generates the majority of its electricity from hydro sources. In 2016, hydroelectricity accounted for 95% of total generation. Yukon has four hydro plants with a total capacity of 95 MW (Figure 3). The largest is Whitehorse Hydro Facility, which can supply 40 MW of power in the summer and 25 MW in the winter when water flow is reduced.
  • Generation from diesel and natural gas is required for periods of peak demand. Yukon used to rely primarily on diesel, but the lower cost of liquefied natural gas (LNG) in recent years has made investments in LNG facilities more economically feasible. Yukon is projected to increase its use of LNG and biomass in the future.

Energy Transportation and Trade

Crude Oil and Liquids

  • There are no crude oil pipelines or crude-by-rail facilities in Yukon.
  • The Canol 1 Pipeline was built to carry crude oil from Norman Wells, Northwest Territories (NWT) to a refinery in Whitehorse during World War II. The pipeline was constructed by the United States (U.S.) Army and operated for less than two years and then removed. Three other crude and products pipelines were constructed as part of the Canol project and connected Whitehorse to the Alaskan cities of Skagway and Fairbanks.

Natural Gas

  • The Enbridge BC Pipeline originates in the southwestern corner of NWT and connects the Kotaneelee field in southeastern Yukon to the Fort Nelson, British Columbia (B.C.) gas processing plant (Figure 4). This section of the pipeline is currently not in operation.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

  • Whitehorse receives LNG by truck from the FortisBC small-scale LNG facility at Tilbury Island near Vancouver, B.C. The LNG is used at Yukon Energy’s Whitehorse facility for electricity generation.
  • There are no current or proposed large-scale LNG facilities in the Yukon.


  • Yukon has over 900 kilometres of electricity transmission lines that connect the majority of the territory to the main hydroelectricity-based grid. Five communities are off-grid and rely on local, diesel-fired generation for electricity.
  • Because of long distances to generation facilities in neighbouring provinces and territories, there are no transmission lines to enable the trade of electricity between Yukon and other jurisdictions.

Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions

Total Energy Consumption

  • End-use demand in Yukon was 6.8 petajoules (PJ) in 2016. The largest sector for energy demand was transportation at 62% of total demand, followed by commercial at 15%, industrial at 13%, and residential at 10% (Figure 5). Yukon’s total energy demand was the smallest in Canada and per capita energy demand was the second smallest in Canada.
  • RPPs, including gasoline, diesel, and jet fuel, were the largest fuel type consumed in Yukon, accounting for 5.4 PJ, or 79%. Electricity and biofuels accounted for 1.4 PJ (21%) and 0.02 PJ (<1%), respectively (Figure 6).

Refined Petroleum Products

  • Virtually all of the gasoline consumed in Yukon is produced in Alberta or B.C., but occasionally some small volumes are also imported from Alaska. Other RPPs, including diesel and heating oil, are produced in neighbouring provinces or imported from U.S. refineries in Alaska or elsewhere.
  • Yukon’s RPP demand data is not publically available for 2017. Yukon is one of the smallest markets in Canada for RPPs. As a percentage of total RPPs consumed in Yukon, the majority is diesel fuel. A significant portion of this diesel demand is for power generation in communities not connected to the electrical grid, and when hydroelectric generation is insufficient to meet power demands for those on the territorial grid.

Natural Gas

  • Natural gas (stored as LNG) is used at Yukon Energy’s Whitehorse facility to generate electricity during peak winter demand or as backup for hydroelectric outages.


  • In 2016, annual electricity consumption per capita in Yukon was 10.3 megawatt hours (MW.h). Yukon ranked 10th in Canada for per capita electricity consumption and consumed 29% less than the national average.
  • Yukon’s largest consuming sector for electricity in 2016 was commercial at 0.19 TW.h. The residential and industrial sectors consumed 0.16 TW.h and 0.04 TW.h, respectively. Yukon’s electricity demand has grown 36% since 2005.
  • Yukon has the lowest electricity prices of the territories because of its hydroelectric infrastructure. In 2017, residents paid 11.5 cents per kilowatt hour (kW.h) for the first 1 000 kW.h of electricity consumption.
  • Mining is a significant driver of Yukon’s energy demand, and the opening and closing of mines can dramatically affect electricity consumption.

GHG Emissions

  • Yukon’s GHG emissions in 2016 were 426 thousand tonnes of CO2e.Footnote 1 Yukon’s emissions have decreased 20% since 1990.
  • Yukon’s emissions per capita are the second lowest in Canada at 11.8 tonnes of CO2e – 39% below the Canadian average of 19.4 tonnes per capita.
  • The largest emitting sectors in Yukon are transportation at 69% of emissions and industrial at 13% (Figure 7).
  • Yukon had no oil and gas production in 2016 and therefore, had zero GHG emissions associated with the oil and gas sector.
  • In 2016, Yukon’s power sector emitted 20.1 kilotonnes of CO2 equivalent (CO2e) emissions, which represents practically 0% of Canada’s total GHG emissions from power generation.
  • Yukon has committed to reducing emissions by 20% by 2020. It has implemented a biomass energy strategy and also introduced a micro-generation program which allows individuals to produce and sell electricity to the grid.

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