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Provincial and Territorial Energy Profiles – New Brunswick

New Brunswick
Table of Contents
  • Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Source and Description:

    NEB – Canada's Energy Future 2018

    This graph shows hydrocarbon production in New Brunswick from 2007 to 2017. Natural gas production decreased from 15.8 MMcf/d to 3.2 MMcf/d, after peaking at 26.8.MMcf/d in 2008.

  • Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2017)

    Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2017)

    Source and Description:

    Statistics Canada (Tables 25-10-0020-01 and 25-10-0019-01), NEB Estimates

    This pie chart shows electricity generation by source in New Brunswick. A total of 13.2 TW.h of electricity was generated in 2017.

  • Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Source and Description:

    NEB, Natural Resources Canada

    This map shows electricity generation facilities in New Brunswick. Facilities are shown by capacity and by primary fuel source.

    PDF version [673 KB]

  • Figure 4: Crude Oil Infrastructure Map

    Figure 4: Crude Oil Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:


    This map shows all rail lines and refineries in New Brunswick, and crude oil infrastructure in Atlantic Canada.

    PDF version [454 KB]

  • Figure 5: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Figure 5: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:


    This map shows all major natural gas pipelines, offshore natural gas platforms, and the Canaport LNG terminal in the Maritimes.

    PDF version [352 KB]

  • Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Sector (2016)

    Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Sector (2016)


    Source and Description:

    NEB – Canada's Energy Future 2018

    This pie chart shows end-use energy demand in New Brunswick by sector. Total end-use energy demand was 215 PJ in 2016. The largest sector was industrial at 47% of total demand, followed by transportation (at 29%), residential (at 16%), and lastly, commercial (at 9%).

  • Figure 7: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2016)

    Figure 7: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2016)

    Source and Description:

    NEB – Canada's Energy Future 2018

    This figure shows end-use demand by fuel type in New Brunswick in 2016. Refined petroleum products accounted for 133 PJ (62%) of demand, followed by electricity at 48 PJ (22%), natural gas at 16 PJ (7%), biofuels at 16 PJ (7%), and other at 1 PJ (less than 1%).

    Note: "Other" includes coal, coke, and coke oven gas.

  • Figure 8: GHG Emissions by Sector

    Figure 8: GHG Emissions by Sector

    Source and Description:

    Environment and Climate Change Canada – National Inventory Report

    This stacked column graph shows GHG emissions in New Brunswick by sector every five years from 1990 to 2016 in MT of CO2 equivalent. Total GHG emissions have decreased in New Brunswick from 16.1 MT of CO2e in 1990 to 15.3 MT of CO2e in 2016.

Energy Production

Crude Oil

  • New Brunswick does not have any commercial crude oil production.

Refined Petroleum Products (RPPs)

  • New Brunswick is a net producer of RPPs and a significant supplier of gasoline to the United States (U.S.) East Coast.
  • The Irving Oil refinery is the only refinery in New Brunswick and the largest refinery in Canada. With a capacity of 300 thousand barrels per day (Mb/d), it produces RPPs in excess of New Brunswick’s needs and operates primarily for exports to the U.S. and neighbouring provinces.
  • The refinery receives primarily imported crude oil delivered by rail and ship, eastern Canadian crude oil delivered by ship, and some western Canadian crude oil delivered by rail.

Natural Gas/Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs)

  • In 2017, natural gas production in New Brunswick averaged 3.2 million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d) (Figure 1). This represented less than 1% of total Canadian natural gas production in 2017.
  • Natural gas is produced at the McCully Field, near Sussex.
  • Since 2014, a moratorium on hydraulic fracturing has been in place in New Brunswick.
  • There is no field production of NGLs in New Brunswick. Small volumes of propane and butane are produced by the Irving Oil refinery.

Electricity and Renewables

  • In 2017, New Brunswick generated 13.2 terawatt hours (TW.h) of electricity (Figure 2), which is approximately 2% of total Canadian generation. New Brunswick has a generating capacity of 4 521 megawatts (MW).
  • In 2017, approximately 30% of New Brunswick’s electricity generation was from nuclear, 40% was from fossil fuels (natural gas, coal, and petroleum), and 21% was from hydroelectricity. The remainder was produced from wind and biomass.
  • New Brunswick Power Corporation (NB Power) operates a total of 13 hydro, nuclear, coal, oil, and diesel powered stations with a combined capacity of 3 807 MW (Figure 3).
  • New Brunswick is the only province outside of Ontario with nuclear power. The Point Lepreau Nuclear Generating Station, located near the Bay of Fundy, has a capacity of 705 MW.
  • Generation from wind power increased from none in 2005 to 6% of total generation in 2017. Biomass facilities scattered throughout the province provided 2% of generation.
  • NB Power provides roughly 80% of the province’s generating capacity. The remainder is supplied by independent power producers.

Energy Transportation and Trade

Crude Oil and Liquids

  • There are no crude oil pipelines in New Brunswick. All of New Brunswick’s crude oil supplies arrive by sea or rail. The Irving Oil refinery in Saint John has a large marine terminal capable of receiving very large crude carriers with a capacity of up to 2.5 million barrels of crude oil (Figure 4).
  • The proposed Energy East pipeline project was terminated by TransCanada on 5 October 2017. The project would have delivered crude oil from western Canada and the U.S. to the Irving Oil refinery, and would have required constructing oil storage and marine terminal facilities at the end of the proposed pipeline in Saint John.
  • The Irving Oil refinery rail terminal has an estimated capacity of 145 Mb/d. Approximately 5% of Irving Oil’s crude oil demand was delivered by rail in 2017.

Natural Gas

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

  • New Brunswick is home to Canada’s only large-scale LNG terminal. Canaport began operating in 2009 and is located near Saint John. In 2017, Canaport import volumes were 14.2 billion cubic feet (or 38.7 MMcf/d on average). Canaport is operating far below its capacity of 1 200 MMcf/d and now operates primarily for peak winter demand needs.
  • In 2016, the NEB issued 25-year import and export licences [Folder 2587030] to Saint John LNG Development Company Ltd. The project has since been put on hold because of economic considerations.


  • New Brunswick exports electricity to PEI via two sub-sea cables. New Brunswick also exports to Maine and imports from Quebec and Maine. In 2017, New Brunswick had 0.5 TW.h of net interprovincial and international electricity outflows.
  • NB Power operates over 6 500 kilometers of power lines in New Brunswick, as well as import/export interconnections with Maine, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and PEI.

Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions

Total Energy Consumption

  • End-use demand in New Brunswick was 215 petajoules (PJ) in 2016. The largest sector for energy demand was industrial at 37% of total demand, followed by transportation at 29%, residential at 16%, and commercial at 9% (Figure 6). New Brunswick’s total energy demand was the 7th largest in Canada, and the 5th largest on a per capita basis.
  • Refined petroleum products were the largest fuel-type consumed in New Brunswick, accounting for 133 PJ, or 62% of total energy consumption. Electricity and natural gas accounted for 48 PJ (22%) and 16 PJ (7%), respectively (Figure 7).

Refined Petroleum Products

  • Total 2017 demand in New Brunswick for RPPs was an estimated 52 Mb/d, or 2% of total Canadian RPP demand. Of New Brunswick’s total demand, an estimated 19 Mb/d was for motor gasoline.
  • New Brunswick’s per capita RPP consumption in 2017 was 4 003 litres (25.2 barrels), or 39% above the national average of 2 886 litres per capita. 
  • RPP prices in New Brunswick have been regulated by the New Brunswick Energy and Utilities Board since 2006. Maximum prices at the retail level for gasoline, diesel, furnace oil, and propane are set on a weekly basis (or as required).

Natural Gas

  • In 2017, New Brunswick consumed an average of 93 MMcf/d of natural gas, which represented 1% of total Canadian demand for natural gas in 2017.
  • New Brunswick’s largest consuming sector for natural gas was the industrial sector, which consumed 85 MMcf/d in 2016. The commercial and residential sectors consumed 6 MMcf/d and 1 MMcf/d, respectively.


  • In 2016, annual electricity consumption per capita in New Brunswick was 17.7 megawatt hours (MW.h). New Brunswick ranked 5th in Canada for per capita electricity consumption and consumed 19% more than the national average.
  • New Brunswick’s largest consuming sector for electricity in 2016 was residential (5.6 TW.h). The industrial and commercial sectors consumed 4.6 TW.h and 3.0 TW.h, respectively. New Brunswick’s electricity demand has declined 17% since 2005.
  • Electricity demand is highest in the winter because of space heating requirements for homes and businesses. Demand is lower during the warmer months, and surplus electricity is exported to neighbouring provinces and states.

GHG Emissions

  • New Brunswick’s GHG emissions in 2016 were 15.3 megatonnes (MT) of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).Footnote 1 New Brunswick’s emissions have declined 5% since 1990.
  • New Brunswick’s emissions per capita are 20.0 tonnes CO2e – 3% above the Canadian average of 19.4 tonnes per capita.
  • The largest emitting sectors in New Brunswick are electricity generation at 32% of emissions, transportation at 28%, and oil and gas (primarily petroleum refining) at 17% (Figure 8).
  • New Brunswick GHG emissions from the oil and gas sector in 2015 were 2.6 MT CO2e. Of this total, 2.5 MT were attributable to petroleum refining, and 0.1 MT were attributable to production, processing, and transmission.
  • In 2016, New Brunswick’s power sector emitted 4.9 MT CO2e emissions, which represents about 6% of Canada’s GHG emissions from power generation. New Brunswick aims to increase renewables’ share of electricity generation from 28% in 2015 to 40% in 2020.

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