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Provincial and Territorial Energy Profiles – Manitoba

Table of Contents
  • Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Figure 1: Hydrocarbon Production

    Source and Description:

    NEB – Canada's Energy Future 2018

    This graph shows hydrocarbon production in Manitoba from 2007 to 2017. Over this period, crude oil production has inceased from 22.2 Mb/d to 36.7 Mb/d.

  • Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2017)

    Figure 2: Electricity Generation by Fuel Type (2017)

    Source and Description:

    Statistics Canada (Tables 25-10-0020-01 and 25-10-0019-01), NEB Estimates

    This pie chart shows electricity generation by source in Manitoba. A total of 37.2 TW.h of electricity was generated in 2017.

  • Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Figure 3: Electricity Capacity and Primary Fuel Sources Map

    Source and Description:

    NEB, Natural Resources Canada

    This map shows electricity generation facilities in Manitoba. Facilities are shown by capacity and by primary fuel source.

    PDF version [1800 KB]

  • Figure 4: Crude Oil Infrastructure Map

    Figure 4: Crude Oil Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:


    This map shows all major crude oil pipelines and rail lines in Manitoba.

    PDF version [351 KB]

  • Figure 5: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Figure 5: Natural Gas Infrastructure Map

    Source and Description:


    This map shows all major natural gas pipelines in Manitoba.

    PDF version [400 KB]

  • Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Sector (2016)

    Figure 6: End-Use Demand by Sector (2016)

    Source and Description:

    NEB – Canada's Energy Future 2018

    This pie chart shows end-use energy demand in Manitoba by sector. Total end-use energy demand was 309 PJ in 2016. The largest sector was industrial at 36% of total demand, followed by transportation (at 29%), commercial (at 19%), and lastly, residential (at 16%).

  • Figure 7: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2016)

    Figure 7: End-Use Demand by Fuel (2016)

    Source and Description:

    NEB – Canada's Energy Future 2018

    This figure shows end-use demand by fuel type in Manitoba in 2016. Refined petroleum producted account for 132 PJ (43%) of demand, followed by natural gas at 86 PJ (28%), electricity at 79 PJ (26%), biofuels at 13 PJ (4%), and other at 0 PJ.

    Note: "Other" includes coal, coke, and coke oven gas.

  • Figure 8: GHG Emissions by Sector

    Figure 8: GHG Emissions by Sector

    Source and Description:

    Environment and Climate Change Canada – National Inventory Report

    This stacked column graph shows GHG emissions in Manitoba by sector every five years from 1990 to 2016 in MT of CO2 equivalent. Total GHG emissions have increased in Manitoba from 18.3 MT of CO2e in 1990 to 20.9 MT of CO2e in 2016

Energy Production

Crude Oil

  • In 2017, Manitoba produced 38.9 thousand barrels per day (Mb/d) of light crude oil (Figure 1). Manitoba accounted for 0.9% of total Canadian crude oil production.
  • All of Manitoba’s current oil production is located in the southwestern corner of the province.

Refined Petroleum Products (RPPs)

  • There are no refineries in Manitoba.

Natural Gas/Natural Gas Liquids (NGLs)

  • There is no natural gas or NGL production in Manitoba.

Electricity and Renewables

  • In 2017, Manitoba generated 37.2 terawatt hours (TW.h) of electricity (Figure 2), which is approximately 6% of total Canadian generation. Manitoba has a generating capacity of 6 139 megawatts (MW).
  • Though 87% of Manitoba’s installed generation capacity is hydroelectricity, 97% of its generation was derived from hydroelectricity. There are 15 major hydroelectric generating stations, the largest of which is located along the Nelson River (Figure 3). The Wuskwatim Generation Station on the Burntwood River was completed in 2012 with a capacity of 200 MW.
  • Construction of the Keeyask Project on the lower Nelson River is scheduled to in service by late 2020. Keeyask will have a capacity of 695 MW.
  • In 2017, wind contributed 2% to Manitoba’s electricity generation. Between 2005 and 2017, over 238 MW of wind was added to Manitoba’s power capacity.
  • Manitoba Hydro is responsible for the design, construction, and operation of hydro facilities, and is the largest producer of electricity in Manitoba. Manitoba Hydro also operates two natural gas-fired generating stations. Wind and biomass facilities are operated by independent producers.

Energy Transportation and Trade

Crude Oil and Liquids

  • The TransCanada Keystone pipeline and Enbridge Mainline, which ship western Canadian crude oil and liquids to United States (U.S.) and eastern markets, enter Manitoba from Saskatchewan and exit at the U.S. border near Gretna. The Enbridge Mainline has a terminal at Cromer, where it connects with the Westspur, Bakken, and Wapella pipelines (Figure 4).
  • The Tundra Energy Marketing Westspur and Enbridge Bakken pipelines are two smaller pipeline systems that transport crude oil from North Dakota and south Saskatchewan to the Enbridge Mainline.
  • The Wapella pipeline is operated by Plains Midstream Canada and carries crude oil from southern Saskatchewan to the Enbridge Mainline.
  • The Enbridge Southern Lights pipeline parallels the Enbridge Mainline in Manitoba but is used to bring condensate from the U.S. to Alberta.
  • There is one crude oil rail loading facility in Manitoba, with an estimated capacity of 60 Mb/d.

Natural Gas

  • The TransCanada Mainline crosses through southern Manitoba and carries natural gas from western Canada to markets in Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, and the U.S (Figure 5).
  • The TransCanada Mainline has two interconnects at the Canada/U.S. border near Emerson, Manitoba: Emerson 1 connects with Viking Gas Transmission and Emerson 2 connects with Great Lakes Gas Transmission. Manitoba also imports gas from the U.S. at Emerson during periods of peak winter demand.
  • Centra Gas distributes natural gas to over 270 000 customers in more than 100 communities in southern Manitoba. Centra is owned by Manitoba Hydro and is regulated by the Manitoba Public Utilities Board.

Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG)

  • There are no proposed or existing LNG facilities in Manitoba.


  • In 2017, Manitoba’s net electricity interprovincial and international outflows were 10.7 TW.h. Manitoba’s trading partners include the U.S. Midwest, Ontario, and Saskatchewan.
  • Manitoba Hydro has applied to regulators for a new 500 kilovolt (kV) line (the Manitoba-Minnesota Transmission Line) that would allow for 883 MW of additional electricity to be exported to the U.S.
  • The Bipole III Tranmsission Line was completed in July 2018, and now delivers electricity to southern Manitoba and the U.S. Manitoba Hydro has plans to construct a new 230 kV transmission line (the Birtle Transmission Project) to Saskatchewan. The new line would increase interprovincial transfers by an additional 100 MW.

Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions

Total Energy Consumption

  • End-use demand in Manitoba was 309 petajoules (PJ) in 2016. The largest sector for energy demand was industrial at 37% of total demand, followed by transportation at 29%, commercial at 19%, and residential at 17% (Figure 6). Manitoba’s total energy demand was the 6th largest in Canada, and the 7th largest on a per capita basis.
  • RPPs, including gasoline and diesel, were the largest fuel type consumed in Manitoba, accounting for 132 PJ, or 43%. Natural gas and electricity accounted for 86 PJ (28%) and 79 PJ (26%), respectively (Figure 7).

Refined Petroleum Products

  • The majority of the gasoline consumed in Manitoba comes from Alberta and Saskatchewan. RPPs from Alberta are mainly transported by the Enbridge Mainline, while RPPs from Saskatchewan and elsewhere are delivered primarily by rail.
  • Total 2017 demand for RPPs in Manitoba was 68 Mb/d, or 4% of total Canadian RPP demand. Of Manitoba’s total demand, 33 Mb/d was for motor gasoline and 26 Mb/d was for diesel.
  • Manitoba’s per capita RPP consumption in 2017 was 2 949 litres (18.5 barrels), or 2% above the national average of 2 886 litres per capita.

Natural Gas

  • Manitoba consumed an average of 210 million cubic feet per day (MMcf/d) of natural gas in 2017, which represented 2% of total Canadian demand.
  • Manitoba’s largest consuming sector for natural gas was the industrial sector, which consumed 129 MMcf/d in 2017. The residential and commercial sectors consumed 54 MMcf/d and 27 MMcf/d, respectively.


  • In 2016, annual electricity consumption per capita in Manitoba was 17.2 megawatt hours (MW.h). Manitoba ranked 6th in Canada for per capita electricity consumption and consumed 16% more than the national average.
  • The largest consuming sector for electricity in Manitoba in 2016 was residential at 8.0 TW.h. The industrial and commercial sectors consumed 7.2 TW.h and 6.8 TW.h, respectively. Manitoba’s electricity demand has grown 9% since 2005.
  • In 2012, Manitoba implemented an emissions tax on coal and petroleum coke. The use of petroleum coke for space heating was banned in 2013, and the use of coal for space heating was banned on 1 July 2017.

GHG Emissions

  • Manitoba’s GHG emissions in 2016 were 20.9 megatonnes (MT) of carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e).Footnote 1 Manitoba’s emissions have increased 14% since 1990.
  • Manitoba’s emissions per capita are 15.9 tonnes of CO2e – 18% below the Canadian average of 19.4 tonnes per capita.
  • The largest emitting sectors in Manitoba are agriculture at 36% of emissions, transportation at 33%, and buildings (residential and service industry) at 12% (Figure 8).
  • Manitoba’s GHG emissions from the oil and gas sector in 2016 were 0.6 MT of CO2e, attributable to crude oil production and oil and gas transmission.
  • Manitoba generates virtually all of its electricity from renewable sources. As such, it emits less than 0.1 MT CO2e emissions from electricity generation, or 0.1% of total Canadian GHG emissions from power generation.

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