Pipeline Profiles: Enbridge Bakken

Pipeline system and key points

Section updated June 2020

Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Company Inc., on behalf of Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Partnership (EBPC), owns the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline.

The Enbridge Bakken Pipeline transports light crude oil produced in Saskatchewan and North Dakota to the Enbridge Mainline in Manitoba. The main receipt points are located in Steelman, Saskatchewan and in Berthold, North Dakota. The main delivery point is located near Cromer, Manitoba. The U.S. portion of the Bakken Pipeline is owned by North Dakota Pipeline Company LLC and is regulated by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.

The Enbridge Bakken Pipeline commenced operations in April 2013. At the end of 2017, CER-regulated assets included 132 km of pipeline and various auxiliary infrastructure. The total length of the pipeline in Canada and the United States is 261 km. Capacity of the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline is 23 053 cubic metres per day (145 000 barrels per day).

Official CER documents related to the construction, operation and maintenance of the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline are available: Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Company Inc., on behalf of Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Limited Partnership regulatory documents (facilities) [Folder 643663].

You can see the Bakken Pipeline and all CER-regulated pipelines on the CER’s Interactive Pipeline Map. The map shows more detailed location information, the products carried by each pipeline, the operating status and more. You can also see a map on Enbridge’s website.

Pipeline map

Enbridge Bakken pipeline system map

Source: CER

Text version of this map

This map provides an overview of the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline System.


Section updated June 2020

A toll is the price charged by a pipeline company for transportation and other services. Tolls allow pipeline companies to safely operate and maintain pipelines. Tolls also provide funds for companies to recover capital (the money used to build the pipeline), pay debts, and provide a return to investors.

The interactive graph below shows the benchmark committed and uncommitted tolls on the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline for transportation from Berthold, North Dakota to Cromer, Manitoba. Uncommitted tolls are higher, but do not require a long-term contract which committed tolls do. Tolls are the lowest for a ten year contract commitment with minimum of 40 000 barrels per day.

Open data can be freely used and shared by anyone for any purpose. The data for these graphs are available.

EBPC is subject to Group 2 financial regulation and tolls on the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline are regulated by the CER on a complaint basis.

Official CER documents related to the traffic, tolls and tariffs for the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline are available: Enbridge Bakken Pipeline toll documents [Folder 896382].

Abandonment funding

Section updated June 2020

The CER requires all pipelines to set aside funds to safely cease operation of a pipeline at the end of its useful life. In 2013, EBPC estimated it would cost $9.3 million to do this for the Enbridge Bakken Pipeline. In 2018, it updated this estimate to $22.3 million. These funds are being collected over 25 years and set aside in a trust.

Table 1: Enbridge Bakken Pipeline’s abandonment trust fund balance
  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Trust fund balance ($) 442 000 1 125 000 1 682 000 2 206 000 2 840 000

Official CER documents related to abandonment funding can be found here, sorted by year and by company: abandonment funding documents [Folder 3300366].

Pipeline financial information

Financial resource requirements

Section updated June 2020

The Canadian Energy Regulator Act requires oil pipeline companies to set aside funds to pay for the costs of any incident that occurs, such as a spill. See sections 136 to 142 of the Act for more information. Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Limited Partnership has demonstrated that it has financial resources of $300 million. Official CER documents can be found here: Enbridge Bakken financial resource requirements documents [Folder 2986045].

Enbridge Bakken Pipeline’s financial information

Section updated June 2020

Pipeline companies report important financial information to the CER quarterly or annually. A solid financial position enables companies to maintain their pipeline systems, attract capital to build new infrastructure, and meet the market’s evolving needs. The data in this table comes from EBPC’s audited financial statements [Folder 2452172].

Table 2: Enbridge Bakken Pipeline’s financial information
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Revenues (million $) 0.0 16.7 27.2 30.4 39.1 33.0 30.9 32.4
Expenses (million $) 0.2 9.0 11.6 13.2 14.5 13.0 13.7 15.5
Net income (million $) -2.1 5.7 12.7 16.5 24.5 19.1 18.5 15.7
Property, plant and equipment (million $) 139.9 158.9 153.5 146.3 138.0 129.2 121.3 112.8
Corporate financial information

Section updated June 2020

EBPC is a subsidiary of Enbridge Inc. (Enbridge). Enbridge is an energy transportation, distribution, and renewable power generation company. Enbridge assets include crude oil, natural gas and natural gas liquids pipelines, renewable power generation, as well natural gas distribution utilities in British Columbia, Ontario, and New Brunswick. The company is headquartered in Calgary, Canada. In February 2017, Enbridge acquired Spectra Energy Corp.

Credit ratings provide an idea of the financial strength of a company, including its ability to attract capital to build new infrastructure and meet financial obligations. The credit ratings below are expert opinions of how likely the debt issuer is to live up to its obligations.

Table 3: Enbridge Inc.’s credit ratings
  2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
DBRS credit rating A (low) A (low) A (low) BBB (high) BBB (high) BBB (high) BBB (high) BBB (high)
Moody's credit rating Baa1 Baa1 Baa1 Baa2 Baa2 Baa2 Baa3 Baa2
S&P credit rating BBB+ BBB+ BBB+ BBB+ BBB+

Condition compliance

Section updated June 2020

Every pipeline company in Canada must meet federal, provincial or territorial, and local requirements. This includes Acts, Regulations, rules, bylaws, and zoning restrictions. Pipelines are also bound by technical, safety, and environmental standards along with company rules, protocols and management systems. In addition to these requirements, the CER may add conditions to regulatory instruments that each company must meet. Condition compliance is monitored by the CER and enforcement action is taken when required. For a detailed list of conditions that Enbridge Bakken must meet, and their status, please see the condition compliance table and search for “Enbridge Bakken Pipeline Company Inc.”

Safety performance

Section updated June 2020

The CER holds the companies it regulates accountable to protect the safety of Canadians and the environment. As part of this accountability, companies must report to the CER events such as incidents and unauthorized third-party activities that happen without the pipeline company’s written consent. For a summary of pipeline incidents and unauthorized activities on all CER-regulated pipelines since 2008, visit the Safety performance dashboard. There have been no reported incidents or unauthorized activities on the Bakken Pipeline since 2008.

Emergency management

Section updated June 2020

The CER checks to make sure companies are keeping pipelines safe by doing inspections, in-depth safety audits, and other activities. Yet, even with these precautions, an emergency could still happen. Sound emergency management practices improve public safety and environmental protection outcomes, and provide for more effective emergency response.

The CER holds its regulated companies responsible for anticipating, preventing, mitigating, and managing incidents of any size or duration. Each company must have an emergency management program that includes detailed emergency procedures manuals to guide its response in an emergency situation. We oversee the emergency management program of a regulated company’s projects to as long as they operate.

The CER requires companies to publish information on their emergency management program and their emergency procedures manuals on their websites so Canadians can access emergency management information. To view Enbridge Bakken’s regional Integrated Contingency Plan, go to Enbridge’s Field Emergency Response Plans website, where its plans are organized by area of operation.

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